Vật liệu Polyurethane được phân thành hai loại là thermoplastic-nhựa nhiệt dẻo và elastomer-hợp chất đàn hồi, hay còn gọi là cao su.
Cũng giống như các loại cao su khác, Polyurethane cũng cần có chất bám dính kim loại hay các vật liệu khác, khi muốn bọc PU lên đó. Mỗi lĩnh vực riêng, chính bản thân Polyurethane còn có nhiều yếu tố riêng cho từng mã hàng. Do đó mà nhà sản xuất hóa chất đã nghiên cứu cho ra nhiều loại keo dán sắt để sử dụng cho thermoplastic.
Gởi đến các bạn một thông tin về TPU, TP...
Polyurethane is a thermoplastic, that is, it is one of a variety of materials that have the property of becoming hard and rigid when cured and are moldable when heated. Polyurethane softens when heated and hardens and become rigid again when cooled without undergoing any appreciable chemical change. A polyurethane is any polymer consisting of a chain of organic units joined by urethane links. Polyurethane is available generally in two forms, Thermoplastic Urethane (TPU) or Thermoplastic (TP). The TPU is a product of BF Goodrich, now Novion, the TP is a Dow Plastics product. PU is widely used in flexible and rigid foams, durable elastomers and high performance adhesives and sealants, fibers, seals, gaskets, condoms, carpet underlayment, and hard plastic parts. Polyurethane products are often called "urethanes". They should not be confused with the specific substance urethane, also known as ethyl carbamate. Polyurethanes are not produced from ethyl carbamate, nor do they contain that substance.
Polyurethane products may be altered by chemicals added to them in the manufacturing process, producing differing properties -- they also come in varying thicknesses -- both of which may affect their coefficient of expansion ("COE"). Successful long term bonding of polyurethane to itself and to other substrates, requires careful preparation and matching of the adhesive being used with the differing COEs of the substrates involved. BONDiTTM products are among the few available that can be used to bond polyurethane successfully over long periods of time to substrates with other COE's for harsh environments and long deployment without debonding.
Our first recommended product for polyurethane is either our BONDiTTM B-45 or B-482, depending on the grade of TP or TPU and whether it is polyether or polyester.
Our other recommended product for polyurethane is simply using any of the BONDiTTM B-4X line products, unless high chemical or moisture resistance is required -- in which case we recommend using an adhesive promoter BONDiTTM A-3 first.
Among the other substrates which polyurethanes can be bonded to using BONDiTTM products are: UHMW, Delrin, fluoropolymers, rubber, polyethylene, polyolefin, polypropylene, other polyurethanes, silicone, thermoplastics, thermosets, urethane, ceramics, glass, fiberglass, wood, metals, stone, aggregate and concrete.